Baby basics: A guide to safe, effective hygiene from birth

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It might appear daunting at first, however you’ll quickly change into an previous hand at protecting your new child clear. Studying the fundamentals beforehand will go alongside strategy to preserve anxieties at bay. 

Here is a complete information to protected, efficient hygiene to your child, from prime to toe. 


Your new child’s nostril could also be fairly flat for a couple of days, because of being squeezed throughout beginning. He’ll sneeze usually to clear his nasal passage. That is fairly regular. The midwife will gently suction your child’s nostril if it will get blocked whereas nonetheless within the hospital.

As soon as house, you need to use saline drops to melt the mucus after which a mucus extractor to suction it out. You might additionally use an earbud, however do not push it into his nostril. Simply rotate it gently on the entrance or use damp cotton wool to wipe it off.


Your new child’s ears are so smooth as a result of they comprise little or no cartilage at this age. At all times dry behind the ears with cotton wool after washing your child’s hair and head, and likewise cowl his ears whereas washing through the use of the tip of your thumb and center finger.

By no means push an earbud into your child’s ear canal. Moderately use some damp cotton wool to wipe off extra grime. In case your child pulls at his ears, it’s as a result of he’s discovering them and never essentially due to earache. At all times seek the advice of your physician in case you are apprehensive. Do not use any house treatments to your child’s ears.


Your child’s eyes are puffy and presumably bloodshot in the course of the first few days after beginning. He might be given a drop of silver nitrate in every eye instantly following beginning to stop attainable bacterial an infection.

Learn: Play, motion and a great deal of love: increase your kid’s early mind growth

In case your child’s eyes change into sticky, yellow in color or pus-filled, contact your paediatrician or physician. Clear your child’s eyes at the very least as soon as each day earlier than his bathtub or wash.

Here is how:

1. Have cotton wool and cooled, boiled water ready.

2. Dip the cotton wool within the water, squeeze extra water out and wipe from the interior to the outer nook.

three. Use a clear piece of cotton wool for every eye to stop cross-infection.

four. In case your child does have an eye fixed an infection, permit him to sleep on the facet of the contaminated eye, in order that no discharge runs into the wholesome eye.

5. Antibiotic drops could also be essential to deal with a sticky eye. A couple of drops of breast milk additionally work very nicely. Clear his eyes usually with sterile saline.


A new child’s nails are super-soft however very sharp. Your child’s nails could also be fairly lengthy and he is liable to scratching himself. Use round-tipped child scissors or clippers to chop his nails, and do it after he’s been fed, when he’s feeling content material, or whereas he is sleeping.


Often, infants get pleasure from bathing as a result of the water is heat and the surroundings acquainted. In case you really feel anxious, ask the nurse or midwife to indicate you precisely what to do – and bear in mind observe makes good!


1. Organise what you will want earlier than you begin the tub.

2. A heat room, heated barely in winter, with closed home windows.

three. Attempt to have the altering desk and bathtub in the identical room.

four. Use a desk or chest of drawers at grownup top, so that you simply will not harm your again bending.

5. Place two clear towels over the desk.

6. Kind out clear garments beforehand. You will want a nappy, vest, socks, babygro, beanie and swaddling blanket.

7. Guarantee that you’ve got a laundry basket and bin shut by too. 

eight. Organise your toiletries, when you’re utilizing these – therapeutic massage cream, bum cream, cotton wool and funky, and boiled water for eyes and ears.

9. Place your shampoo, cleaning soap or aqueous cream inside attain of the tub.

10. Have further towels available if obligatory.

11. Half-fill the tub, and test the temperature by dunking your elbow within the water, or use a shower thermometer. It ought to be lukewarm (about 29.4ºC).

bathtub your child

Undress your child and wrap him in a towel. Depart his head uncovered. Clear his eyes first, then ears and face, with cotton wool and cooled boiled water. Use the second towel to softly pat him dry. 

Additionally learn: Why many South African moms surrender breastfeeding their infants so quickly

Selecting him up in a soccer maintain underneath your arm, gently however firmly assist his head with one hand whereas wetting and washing his hair over the tub. Rub his head dry. Be brisk however mild.

Shortly unwrap him after which – together with your left arm and hand firmly supporting his neck, again and left facet, and your proper hand and arm underneath his proper leg, firmly and gently holding his left thigh – very fastidiously (and slowly) place him into the water. 

Preserve holding him together with your left arm and hand when you cleaning soap him throughout. Transfer him round gently within the water, after which carry him out, rapidly wrapping him within the prime towel and hugging him dry. 

Take off the moist towel, wrap him within the second towel, and dry him very fastidiously, concentrating on the creases and folds that entice moisture. If utilizing cream, unfold it throughout, and therapeutic massage him gently if he lets you.

Get him dressed rapidly, and chat to him all of the whereas, making direct eye contact as usually as attainable. Have enjoyable throughout bathtime. As your child grows, he’ll get pleasure from protected, age-appropriate bathtub toys and, in fact, splashing! He’ll get pleasure from you singing and chatting away to him.

Keep in mind to take turns with Dad – you might actually have a child bathtub with him for a beautiful bonding expertise. As soon as your child is older, he can sit within the bathtub in a showering ring, however he mustn’t ever be left alone.


Topping and tailing

It is not essential to bathtub your child each day, since he would not get very soiled for now. You will want to scrub milk possets within the neck space and behind the ears, although. To “prime and tail” your child means cleansing his face and nappy space.

Following our bathing directions above, clear your child’s face and eyes. Undress and wrap your child in a smooth, heat towel.

Moist and cleaning soap his backside space, rinsing it by squeezing cool, boiled water after which drying him completely (particularly in creases and folds) with the towel.

Use bum cream sparingly and placed on his nappy. Costume him rapidly – and do not forget to talk and sing all of the whereas!

Wrap your child in a clear blanket, brush his hair gently, and placed on his beanie.

Bathtub security

By no means, ever go away your child unattended within the bathtub – not even for one second!

Test the temperature earlier than permitting your child to the touch the water. 

Preserve harmful objects safely out of attain.


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